THE HISTORY OF MEDICAL OZONE
Ozone was first discovered
and named by German scientist C.F. Schonbein in 1840.
first ozone generators were developed by Werner
von Siemens in Germany in 1857. The first report of ozone being used to
purify blood in test tubes was by the
German Dr. C. Lender in 1870.
The first American
therapeutic use of ozone was by Dr. John
H. Kellogg in ozone steam saunas at his Battle Creek, Michigan sanitarium
from 1880, as he wrote in his book, "Diphtheria: Its Nature, Causes, Prevention
and Treatment". We have revived this powerful therapy 100 years later with our
company, Plasmafire Intl.
October 1893, the world's first water treatment plant using ozone was installed
in Ousbaden, Holland, and today there are over
3000 municipalities around the world that use ozone to clean their water and
sewage, including all the great cities.
1885, the Florida Medical Association published "Ozone" by Dr. Charles J.
Kenworthy, MD, detailing the use of
ozone for therapeutic purposes.
September 1896, the electrical genius Nikola
Tesla patented his first ozone generator, and in 1900 he formed the Tesla
Ozone Co. Tesla sold ozone machines and ozonated olive oil to doctors for
medical use. (100 years later we are doing the same things with our company, Plasmafire
Intl, with the adaptation and perfection of another unpatented electrostatic
Tesla design built up until the 1920s. We have seen several of these 80 year
old generators and they still work perfectly. With this in mind, we offer the world's only Lifetime Warranty on an ozone generator).
1898, the Institute for Oxygen Therapy Healing was started in Berlin by Thauerkauf and Luth.
They experimented with injecting ozone. Ozone was bonded to magnesium in a
catalytic process to produce Homozon
by Dr. Eugene Blass in 1898.
Beginning in 1898, Dr. Benedict Lust,
a German doctor practicing in New York, established the practice
of Naturopathy, based on ozone therapy.
in 1898, homeopathic Dr. S.R. Beckwith,
of New York, published his booklet describing the use of his
invention, the Thermo-Ozone Generator, in the treatment of a wide variety of
1902, J.H. Clarke's "A Dictionary of
Practical Materia Medica", London, describes the successful
use of ozonated water ("Oxygenium") in treating anemia, cancer, diabetes,
influenza, morphine poisoning, canker sores, strychnine poisoning and whooping cough.
1902, Dr. Charles Linder, MD, of Spokane, Washington was written up in an
article in a local paper that stated that he injected ozone as part of his
standard medical practice.
1904, "The Medical Uses of Hydrozone (ozonated water) and Glycozone (ozonated olive oil)" by Charles Marchand, a New York chemist appeared in its 19th
edition. The book is in the Library of Congress with the US Surgeon General's
stamp of approval on it.
active use of therapeutic ozone predates the establishment of the FDA in 1906
and therefore qualifies ozone therapy to be grandfathered into acceptance.
1911, "A Working Manual of High Frequency Currents" was published by Dr. Noble Eberhart, MD, the head of the
Dept. of Physiologic Therapeutics at Loyola University, Chicago. In Chapter 9, he details
the use of ozone to treat tuberculosis, anemia, chlorosis, tinnitus, whooping
cough, asthma, bronchitis, hay fever, insomnia, pneumonia, diabetes, gout and
1912, Dr. H.C. Bennett published
"Electro-Therapeutic Guide". He described the use of Ozol, ozone breathed after
running through eucalyptus, pine or thyme oils.
1913, the Eastern Association for Oxygen Therapy was formed by Dr. Eugene Blass and some German
During World War I,
(1914-1918 ) ozone was used to treat wounds, trench foot, gangrene and the
effects of poison gas.
Dr. Albert Wolff of Berlin also used ozone for colon
cancer, cervical cancer and decubitus ulcers in 1915.
1920, Dr. Charles Neiswanger, MD,
President of the Chicago Hospital College of Medicine published "Electro
Therapeutical Practice". Chapter
32 was entitle "Ozone as a Therapeutic Agent".
the 1920s, Nikola Tesla allowed
licensed production of an ozone air purifier in Canada, based on his cold plasma
In 1926, Dr. Otto Warburg of the Kaiser
Institute in Berlin announced that he had found
that the cause of cancer is a lack of oxygen at the cellular level. For his
discovery, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1931 and again in
1944, the only person ever to receive two Nobel Prizes for medicine. He was
also nominated for a third.
1929, a book called "Ozone and Its Therapeutic Action" was published in the US listing 114 diseases and
how to treat them with ozone. Its 40 authors were the heads of all the leading
1930, the Swiss dentist Dr. E. A. Fisch was using ozone in
dentistry, and wrote many papers on it. He also introduced it to the Austrian
surgeon Dr. Erwin Payr in 1932.
[In 1933, the American Medical Association, headed
up by Morris Fishbein, set out to eliminate all medical treatments that were
competitive to drug therapy. The suppression of ozone therapy in the US began then, and continues
to this day, except in ten US states, where doctors are
protected by state laws. At the behest of the AMA, the FDA began seizing
generators in the 1940s.]
1935, M. Sourdeau published a paper
on "Ozone in Therapy" in France.
Dr. Aubourg and Dr. Lacoste were French physicians using
ozone insufflation 1934-1938. Aubourg wrote
"Medical Ozone: Production, Dosage
and Methods of Clinical Application" in 1938. He gave ozone rectally,
vaginally, injected into wounds and by breathing. In 8000 applications, there
were no harmful side effects.
Dr. Hans Wolff wrote the book "Medical
Ozone" in the 1940s.
1942, "Gordon Detoxification and Hydro
Surgery: Theory and Practice" was published covering the medical uses of
ozone as colon cleanser.
During World War II, Dr. Robert Mayer learned of ozone
therapy from German prisoners of war at Ellis Island, and used ozone in his
practice for the next 45 years.
In 1944, Dr. Otto Warburg earned his second
Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discovery of the basic cause of cancer in
damaged cell respiration.
In 1948, Dr. William Turska of Oregon began using an ozone
machine of his own design (Aethozone). In 1951, Dr. Turska wrote the article "Oxidation", still appropriate today.
In 1952, the National Cancer
Institute verified Dr. Otto Warburg's
findings regarding lack of oxygen being the cause of cancer.
1953, German Dr. Hans Wolff began training many doctors in ozone therapy.
1954, Frank Totney published "Oxygen
: Master of Cancer".
1956, Dr. Otto Warburg published "On
the Origin of Cancer Cells" in
Science, 24 February 1956, Vol. 123, Num. 3191.
1957, Dr. J. Hansler patented an
ozone generator which has formed the basis of the expansion in German ozone
therapy over the last 40 years. Today, over 8000 German doctors use ozone
1961, the Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology stated: "During the 80 year
history of the large scale usage of ozone, there has never been a human death attributed to it".
1961, Dr. Hans Wolff introduced the
techniques of major and minor autohemotherapy.
1966, Dr. Otto Warburg, now director
of the Max Planck Institute for Cell Physiology, delivered a lecture on "The
Prime Cause and Prevention of Cancer"
to a meeting of Nobel laureates at Lake Constance, Germany.
1971, Dr. Hans Wolff and Prof. Dr. Siegfried Rilling founded The
German Medical Society for Ozone Therapy.
1972, The International Association for Oxygen Therapy was founded by Dr. George Freibott as the successor to the Eastern Association for Oxygen
Therapy of 1913.
1977, Dr. Renate Viebahn provided an
overview of ozone's biological action.
1979, Dr. George Freibott
successfully treated a Haitian AIDS patient suffering Kaposi's sarcoma with
In 1980, Dr. Horst Kief also reported success
with ozone therapy for AIDS patients.
1980, F. Sweet, et al, publish "Ozone Selectively Inhibits Human Cancer Cell Growth" in the peer-reviewed journal,
Science, Vol. 209.
1982, the German medical textbook "Medical Ozone" is published by Dr. E. Fischer Medical Publications in Heidelberg.
1983, the first International Ozone Association medical ozone conference was
held, in Washington, D.C., USA. The abstracts were published in the book "Medical
Applications of Ozone", compiled and edited by Julius Laraus.
1985, Dr. Renate Viebahn published "The
Biochemical Process Underlying Ozone Therapy". Dr. Siegfried Rilling
published "Basic Clinical Applications of Ozone Therapy".
In 1987, Dr. Siegfried Rilling and Dr. Renate Viebahn collaborated on the
publication of "The Use of Ozone in Medicine",
now the standard medical text on ozone application.
1990, the Cubans reported success in treating glaucoma, conjunctivitis and
retinitis pigmentosa with ozone.
1992, the Russians reported the successful use of ozone in a brine bath to
June 1994, Plasmafire Intl sponsored an ozone symposium in Vancouver, with 160 attendees, and as
a direct result, ozone therapy is recognized as an accepted modality by the
Naturopathic Association of BC, with over 40 naturopaths treating patients with
ozone therapy currently.
Today, after 125 years of usage, ozone therapy is
recognized in Germany, Italy, France, Russia, Romania, Poland, Czech Republic,
Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Israel, Japan, Singapore, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico,
4 Canadian provinces and 14 US states (Alaska, Washington, California,
Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Georgia, New York, North
Carolina, Ohio, Minnesota).